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Gout is an inflammatory arthritis that is caused by uric acid crystal deposition in your joint(s) - most commonly the big toe but can also occur in other joints, such as your knees.  It leads to an extremely painful, hot, red and swollen joint filled with fluid containing uric acid crystals. Gout accounted for 4.98 million office visits in 2010 and represents 5% of all adult visits for arthritis.1


Crystals accumulate because either your body does not excrete/remove enough or it over produces uric acid. Certain medications, foods and alcohol can contribute to this overproduction or under excretion.


Risk factors for developing gout include obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, drinking alcohol (beer and liquor) or sugary drinks, and eating red meat and seafood.


Treatment is two-fold:

1. Address the acute gout flair


2. Decrease recurrence


Gout is manageable with lifestyle and dietary changes!


1. The United States Bone and Joint Initiative: The Burden of Musculoskeletal Diseases in the United States. Rosemont, IL: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons; 2014. Chapter 4. Arthritis.

Dr. Siatta Dunbar

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